Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park

2100647271_69e3f1ebfa_o
Sanganeb lighthouse (Clifton Beard/Flickr, CC BY-NC 2.0).
Sudan (Port Sudan; Suakin; Tokar)
N19 44 10 E37 26 35
Date of Inscription: 2016
Criteria:
vii. to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
ix. to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;
x. to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.
Property : 199,523.908 ha
Buffer zone: 401,135.66 ha
Ref: 262rev
149461841_077540dc81_b
One of the many marine species in the area (Cathy Thomas/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).

The property consists of two separate areas: Sanganeb is an isolated, coral reef structure in the central Red Sea and the only atoll, 25 km north-east off the shoreline of Port Sudan city. The second component of the property is made up of Dungonab Bay and Mukkawar Island, situated 125 km north of Port Sudan. It includes a highly diverse system of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches and islets. The site provides a habitat for populations of seabirds, marine mammals, fish, sharks, turtles and manta rays. Dungonab Bay also has a globally significant population of dugongs.

Sanganeb Marine National Park is one of the most unique reef structures in the Sudanese Red Sea whose steep slopes rise from a sea floor more than 800 m deep. The Atoll is characterized by steep slopes on all sides. The dominated coral reef ecosystem harbors significant populations of fauna and flora in a stable equilibrium with numerous endemic and endangered species. The reefs are distinctive of their high number of species, diverse number of habitats, and high endemism. The atoll has a diverse coral fauna with a total of 86 coral species being recorded. The total number of species of algae, polychaetes, fish, and Cnidaria has been confirmed as occurring at Sanganeb Atoll.

Dungonab Bay is engulfing Mukkawar Island, which is 30km offshore Dungonab Peninsula. The area was declared a Marine Protected Area in 2004; it contains extensive and diverse seagrass beds, a regionally important population of dugong, regionally or globally important nesting areas for marine turtles and seabirds, and seasonal aggregations of whale sharks and manta rays that are unique in the entire western Indian Ocean region. The area is known to be of particular significance for birds and is designated as an Important Bird Area. The eastern shore of Mukawwar Island is a turtle nesting site of regional and possibly international significance. The Dugongs population occurring in Dungonab Bay/Mukawwar Island may be the most important remaining on the coast of Africa.

149461897_14fa6c901f_b
Sanganeb Marine National Park (Cathy Thomas/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).

Relevant Links:

Virtual Tours:

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.