Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

Governorate of Qina
N25 43 59.988 E32 36 0
Date of Inscription: 1979
Criteria: (i)(iii)(vi)
Property : 7,390.16 ha
Buffer zone: 443.55 ha
Ref: 87
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Thebes, the city of the god Amon, was the capital of Egypt during the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms. With the temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, Thebes is a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization at its height.

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Luxor (pronounced in Egyptian Arabic: lo’Sor) is the premier travel destination in Upper (southern) Egypt and the Nile Valley. The dynastic and religious capital of Middle Kingdom (circa 2050-1710 BCE) and New Kingdom (circa 1550-1080 BCE) Egypt, Luxor has much to offer the visitor, from vast temples, to ancient royal tombs, via spectacular desert and river scenery and a bustling modern life. Thebes, the world heritage listed old capital of Egypt, was on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor. Most of Luxor’s ruins and tombs are there. The modern city of Luxor is on the east bank. This area has the train and bus stations, most of the hotels and restaurants, some museums, tourist shops and so on. Most visitors (and almost all tour groups) stay on the east bank and travel across for the tourist sites. There are also some small hotels on the west bank, which has a more relaxed vibe, and many independent travellers stay there [read more].

Qena is a city in Upper Egypt, and the capital of the Qena Governorate. Situated on the east bank of the Nile, it was known in antiquity as Kaine (meaning “new (city)”; Latinized transliteration: Caene) and Maximianopolis. Gauthier identifies Qena with ancient Shabt. This provincial capital is located about 57 miles from El Balyana and 39 miles north of Luxor. It is most famous for its proximity to the ruins of Dendara. It owes its modern prosperity to the opening of the Wadi Qena towards the Red Sea, which is a major traffic route between Upper Egypt and the Red Sea. Tourists traveling between Luxor and the Red Sea will assuredly pass through this city since there is only one good road connection. Qena is noted for its pottery. Qena is also known for its beautiful huge mountains and green nature. Qena also has one of the highest concentration of Coptic Christians in Egypt (approximately 35% of the total population) [read more].

Assiut (also transliterated Asyut, Assyût or Assyut) is in Egypt. Like a piece of Heaven between Al-Minia to the north and Souhag to the south, Assiut twinkles in the heart of Egypt thanks to its middle location among the Egyptian governorates. It is on the Nile about 375 km south of Cairo, 470 km west of the Red Sea, and 305 km north of Luxor. Assiut is counted as one of the best touristic destinations in Egypt because it has many amenities and attractions from different ages, which have great importance in the Egyptian history. Pharoes called the city “Seut”, derived from “Sout” which means “Guardian” in the ancient Egyptian language. This name was used for about 3000 years, and then it was changed many times, until the Arabs named it “Assiut”. Assiut celebrates its national day on the 18th of April every year, when the local residents of Bani Addiat, Manfalout city, struggled against the French Invasion [read more].

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