The historic al-Saqatiyah Market in Aleppo is to be reopened after being carefully restored as shown in footage filmed on Tuesday.
Bit by bit, Aleppo’s centuries-old bazaar is being rebuilt as Syrians try to restore one of their historical crown jewels, devastated during years of brutal fighting for control of the city. The historic Old City at the center of Aleppo saw some of the worst battles of Syria’s eight-year civil…
Thousands of Aleppians are using a Facebook group to share their way of life before the Syrian war…
In 2011, Aleppo was Syria’s largest city with a population of 2.5 million people. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it has been described by Time …
Syria’s lost heritage stands out in Aleppo’s broken minarets amidst the ruins.
Large-scale destruction is being inflicted on the unique historical and cultural legacy of the Syrian commercial metropolis Aleppo. And the people of the city had actually only just begun to show an interest in that legacy. By Claudia Mende
Going by different names depending on the media outlet, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant – Daesh, IS, ISIS, or ISIL – has made sure to gain many other titles to go along with their heinous acts in the region.
Taking over Syria and Iraq in 2014, the terrorist group went after ethnic and religious minorities, as well as numerous historic sites – which by title belong to the world, as UNESCO categorizes them.
As many thousand-year-old cities and artifacts have been demolished, bulldozed, and looted by ISIS, this list remembers 10 of the oldest and most important sites that went under attack.
1. Roman Theatre in Bosra, Syria
The Roman Theatre in Bosra has been one of Syria’s historical sites since the 2nd century AD.
The façade of the theatre was destroyed by the terrorist group, who used “dynamite, fire, bulldozers and pickaxes,” according to NPR.
2. Tetrapylon in Palmyra, Syria
After ISIS took over Palmyra in 2015, its members rampaged the Tetrapylon monument which dates back to 270 AD.
From 16 standing columns, which are a few meters away from the Roman Theatre, only four remained.
Read more from source: Remembering 10 Arab Historical Sites Destroyed by ‘Daesh’
Under the centuries-old archways in an alley in Syria’s famed Aleppo Old City, a small glimpse of the once-bustling market reemerged on Thursday, despite the ravages of war.
Restoration work has brought a small part of the famed Old City’s market back to life, and the restored arches glowed in purple lighting as traders once again plied wares including the city’s famous olive oil soap.
A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Old City of Aleppo has been devastated by the war that began with anti-government protests in March 2011.
For four years, the Old City was a front line in the battle between rebels and government forces, who recaptured the city in full in December 2016.
A six-year civil war that has claimed well over 400,000 lives could deprive future Syrians, and the world at large, of this long-standing heritage.
Syria’s story is one that has been weaved through families from one millennium to the next. Subjugated as a Roman province under the command of Pompey the Great in 64 BC, and brought under Ottoman rule by Sultan Selim I 16 centuries later in 1516, the country has experienced its share of the world’s great military conquests. The empires that vied to establish dominance over the region left behind varied architectural and cultural legacies that were subsumed into the nation’s heritage. For Syrians, the experience of savoring the spices at the Souqs in Aleppo, or admiring the gem that is the Roman theatre in Bosra are birthrights.
Syria’s historic sites have long attested to its riveting history.
Vanessa Beeley says…
December 2016: Walking the streets of East Aleppo hours after their liberation from Nusra Front-led terrorist occupation for almost 5 years, was a sombre and harrowing experience. Watching civilians emerge from a five year imprisonment during which they had been subjected to all manner of brutality, deprivation and abuse, was deeply affecting. But the inextinguishable hope was there even then, children describing the barren, rain-swept wasteland of Jebrin as “heaven”.
Returning to Aleppo four months later in April 2017 was a revelation. Aleppo had swept its streets clean of much of the terrorist detritus, the Russian sappers had cleared vast swathes of residential areas of the terrorist, lethal mines and booby traps. The street leading to the Umayyad Mosque in the Old City was unrecognisable from the smoke wreathed, menacing battle ground that had greeted us in December 2016.
As this observer meanders through the ruins of war-torn Aleppo these days, he develops a feeling that somehow he ought to be wearing a hospital gown with gloves so as not to contaminate crushed ancient artifacts as he tries to avoid stepping on them. One feels obliged to avoid contaminating a cultural heritage crime scene.
It requires a few hours for a fascinating walking tour and briefing of the most damaged 2nd millennium BC ancient city of Aleppo that has sustained more than four years of intense bombardment and jihadist destruction, in order to acquire a sense of what’s left and how much of the old city might possibly be significantly restored.
One of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Aleppo has long been the urban, commercial and cultural center of northwestern Syria.
World leaders, archaeologists and historians are outraged over the devastation wrought during Syria’s six-year war on Aleppo’s Old City, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that had largely survived since its construction between the 12th and 16th centuries during Arab and Ottoman rule. In July 2014, east Aleppo was seized by anti-government rebels whose advance through the Old City into west Aleppo was halted by the army. After heavy bombardment and siege, the insurgents left the war-ravaged east in December last year, and the city was reunited under government control.
Good times before
Inhabited for more than 8,000 years, Aleppo vies with Syria’s capital Damascus in claiming to be the oldest continually inhabited city in the world. Aleppo was a key commercial centre on the Silk Road linking China and India to West Asia and Europe.
A THOUGHT-PROVOKING series of images by a British photographer have been released showing what Syria was like just before its six-year civil war broke out.
The stunning collection of photographs shows Aleppo’s citadel which is now in ruins, the destroyed Roman Theatre and ancient tetrapylon historical ruins of Palmyra and the stunning Unesco world heritage site of the Umayyad mosque, Aleppo which was built between the 8th and 13th centuries.
Other pictures show a couple of carefree boys having a water fight in the street, people relaxing in Aleppo’s juice bars and traffic in Homs going by.
The spectacular shots were taken by photographer, Dan Bernard on a visit to Syria in 2010. Mr Bernard used a Nikon D300 to capture his pictures.
“Syria before the conflict had always intrigued me as a great location for raw un-pretentious landscape photography. ” said Mr Bernard.
UNESCO representatives are expected in Damascus next week to discuss ways of salvaging Aleppo’s heritage.
Beirut – Urgent action is needed to protect damaged buildings in the Old City of Aleppo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, according to Syrian antiquities officials.
“What happened in Aleppo is a disaster,” Maamoun Abdulkarim, Syria’s Director General of Antiquities and Museums (DGAM) told Al Jazeera in a telephone interview from Damascus this week.
“We have more than 150 heritage buildings with different levels of damage, without taking into account places like the ancient souk, 60 percent of which is destroyed … Many of the traditional houses, dating from around the first century AD, are also damaged.”
Syrian government forces took control of the city in early December, after four years of conflict between government forces and armed opposition groups.
Aleppo, Syria’s second city, was once the country’s commercial and industrial hub, as well as a major regional tourist destination.
But four years of war have left large parts of the Old City – designated by Unesco as a World Heritage site – in ruins.
As the evacuation of the rebel-held eastern areas nears completion and government forces take full control of the city, pictures have begun to emerge of the devastation.
The 13th century Citadel of Aleppo is one of the city’s most iconic landmarks, but the war has left it badly damaged inside and out.
Syrian government soldiers used the citadel as a defensive stronghold and, as a result, it frequently came under fire from rebel fighters.
Umayyad mosque: 6 Oct 2010, 17 Dec 2016
People are now able once again to visit the Citadel of Aleppo as the roads leading to the site have been cleared, RIA Novosti reported.
The citadel itself was liberated in 2013 but the way to it has been obstructed by the fighting between militants and Syrian government forces.
Militants have been trying to dig tunnels in order to capture the citadel, which has been damaged as a result of battles in the area.
On Friday, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that Aleppo was now under government control with the Syrian army operation to retake the Eastern districts completed.
THE war in Syria has been described as the deadliest conflict of the 21st century.
But it’s the before and after pictures in the Old City of Aleppo, a UNESCO World Heritage site, that have painted the extent of the catastrophic death and destruction.
Aleppo, one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, has been all but obliterated by barrel bombs, bullets, chemical attacks and air strikes in the war. While Syrians fight for their lives to escape the city once known as the cradle of civilisation, many photographers have stayed to ensure the world bares witness to the razing of Aleppo.
More than 300,000 Syrians have been killed in the armed conflict which started with anti-government protests before escalating into a full-scale civil war on July 19, 2012.
Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places on earth; historians claim the site has been lived in for more than 8,000 years.
But over the past five years, the ancient city has been turned to rubble due to a bloody civil war. In Aleppo alone, over 5,100 civilians were killed in 2016. In all of Syria over 470,000 civilians have been killed during the five-year span of the conflict – from March 2011 to February 2016, according to the Syrian Center for Policy Research.
The United Nations reports United Nations reports there are still 4.9 million people trapped in besieged areas throughout Syria and over 13.5 million people require humanitarian assistance.
“As the Syria crisis enters its sixth year, civilians continue to bear the brunt of a conflict marked by unparalleled suffering, destruction and disregard for human life,” the UN writes.