A group of Iranian Jews made the difficult trip to the city of Yazd, located some 600km from Tehran and today, a recognized World Heritage Site by UNESCO. They make the trip annually, on the Yahrze…
Iran’s wind catchers stand as a reminder of how ancient civilisations have adapted to the region’s harsh desert environment.
TEHRAN – Iranian National Commission for UNESCO is considering to nominate Yazd as a Creative City of the UN cultural body, IRNA reported on Monday.
TEHRAN, Aug. 06 (MNA) – The well-preserved mud brick old architecture, distinctive wind-catchers, qanats, numerous historical sites in the central city of Iran, Yazd, make it a necessary destination for any tourist visiting Iran.
Source: Yazd, land of brown memories
IFP – The number of tourists visiting the historical city of Yazd in central Iran has considerably increased, a senior tourism official says.
Meisam Kouchakzadeh, a senior executive at the Department General of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism of Yazd, says the number of visitors to Yazd stood at well over 126,000 in the year to March 2018, up 11%, year on year.
“Most of the tourists were from France, Germany, Spain, Italy and China,” he noted, according to a report by IRNA.
He recalled that Yazd was registered on UNESCO’s List of World Heritage Sites, saying, “This important issue will be instrumental in increasing the number of foreign tourists visiting Yazd.”
“Given that Yazd’s ancient quarter has been internationally registered and the objective is to increase the number of tourists, the tourism infrastructure in the province should be improved and the number of good accommodations should be raised,” he said.
UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee registered the historical city of Yazd on the List of World Heritage Sites on July 9, 2017.
Read more from source: Number of tourists visiting Iran’s Yazd province up 11%
Iranians have managed to tame the hostile conditions of arid climate and extremely warm regions for thousands of years through construction of windcatchers as a sustainable air ventilation technique and artistic representation of their ingenuity in architectural designs.
A windcatcher, windtower, or as Persians called it, badgir, is an architectural element for creation of natural air conditioning in buildings in arid and extremely warm areas.
The birthplace of the technology is still unclear, but it is believed to be initially used by ancient Egyptians. However, it was the Iranians who made the most of the versatile technology and excelled at building the world’s most famous windtowers.
The file photo shows the windtower of the Boroujerdi Mansion in the central Iranian city of Kashan.
Apart from arid and semi-arid areas in central and southern Iran, windcatchers can also be found in traditional Persian-influenced architecture throughout the Middle East, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Depending on several factors such as geographical and climate conditions, architectural design, purpose of use and budgetary considerations, windcatchers are built in different shapes, including uni-directional, bi-directional, and multi-directional shapes.
Read more from source: Iranian windcatchers: Taming harsh climate for natural ventilation – Russia News Now
Global registration of Yazd as the largest adobe city of the world on UNESCO’s World Heritage List was an important plan which was ratified by representatives of countries that attended in UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee.
It is a harbinger of events to come for this city and the whole tourism industry of the Iran.
Yazd has witnessed positive developments including rise in number of tourists and rise in revenues in the past 11 months.
Yazd is a city which has achieved to maintain its ancient monuments and architectural texture over the years.
Its residents have managed to adapt themselves to desert conditions.
Currently, this city can be considered as a model for other regions in terms of preserving indigenous architecture.
Iran Daily has interviewed Fatemeh Danesh-Yazdi, chairwoman of Yazd Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department. Excerpts follow:
IRAN DAILY: Please tell us about your viewpoints regarding special characteristic of Yazd compared to other monuments registered on UNESCO list.
FATEMEH DANESH YAZDI: Seventy-seven cities have been registered as a historical city which has an ancient or archeological site.
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The church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane or San Carlino was designed by architect Francesco Borromini in Baroque architecture style.
The Eiffel Tower is named after engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
The Chaumukha Mandir or the Ranakpur Jain temple dates back to the 15th century. The temple houses 1,444 marble pillars, which are all differently carved and no two pillars are same.
The famous tourist spot, Ely Cathedral, has its origins in AD 672.
Construction of the Wells Cathedral commenced in 1175 based on the architectural style brought from France by Bishop Reginald de Bohun.
Originally constructed as a small fortress in AD 889, the Alhambra was largely ignored until the mid-13th century. It was rebuild and renovated by the Nasrid emir Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar of the Emirate of Granada.
An Italian daily newspaper has described the historic city of Yazd in central Iran as one of the major cultural heritage sites registered by UNESCO.
In the report, La Stampa elaborates on the unique features of Yazd saying the city is shining like a pearl in the region.
“Yazd is the 22nd historic and cultural site in Iran registered as a world heritage by the UNESCO on July 9, 2017. Since then, the city has turned into a national pride for all Iranians. The historic structure of the city is a collection of religious architecture on a vast land,” La Stampa was quoted as saying in a report by IRNA.
The daily went on to say with a history of over three thousand years, Yazd is one of the most ancient cities in the world which used to be a commercial hub in the past.
Demolition of a half-ruined building in the historical texture of Yazd has been suspended by the Protection Unit of Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization in an effort to ensure safety for the World Heritage Site.
According to Fatemeh Danesh-Yazdi, head of the provincial office of ICHHTO, the building was partly ruined and was not of heritage value.
Therefore, a permit for its demolition and construction of a three-story building was issued in 2015 when Yazd’s historical district was yet to be inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
“But conditions have changed since Yazd gained global status, hence the approved plans need to undergo revisions to ensure compliance with the new rules, CHTN quoted her as saying.
Also, heavy vehicles are not allowed in the vicinity of the vulnerable historical zones, so the destruction was suspended by the protection unit.