A team of researchers in the US says it may have solved the mystery of how the massive and incredibly heavy red scoria hats were placed atop the select Easter Island statues, or moai, that wear them, according to a Pennsylvania State University news release.
The matter has long perplexed many as the headgear measures up to 6.5 feet in diameter and weighs roughly 13 tons.
The statues themselves stand up to 33 feet tall.
“The best explanation for the transport of the…[hats] from the quarry is by rolling the raw material to the location of the moai…Once at the moai, the [hats] were rolled up large ramps to the top of a standing statue using a parbuckling technique,” Carl P. Lipo is quoted as saying in the release.
According to the statement, “Parbuckling is a simple and efficient technique…[where]…the center of a long rope is fixed to the top of a ramp and the two trailing ends are wrapped around the cylinder to be moved.”
Read more from source: The mystery of how hats were put on Easter Island statues may have been solved
One of the ideal ways to imbibe interesting culture across the globe is to make a bucketlist of popular UNESCO world heritage sites.
With an ethical traveller’s bent of mind, you can help ensure the preservation of natural, cultural, and intellectual heritage.
Explorations to heritage sites must be informed as the history is intriguing. Guided trails are the best choice in these case and if you could time it around a local fest or unique practice (such as summer or winter solstice), then the fun factor is immense.
SAY HELLO TO MOAI FIGURES ON EASTER ISLAND
Region: Rapa Nui
In the midst of the Pacific Ocean, The Easter Island covers 63 square miles of land, nearly half of which is in Rapa Nui National Park. It is home to approximately 900 Moai statues, often called ‘Easter Island Heads’. The giant, monolithic carvings are scattered around the island, many stand straight against the backdrop of the Pacific Ocean, while others are buried up to their necks in mud.
Read more from source: This summer, head to a UNESCO world heritage site for a dose of culture and history
The human bones lay baking in the sun. It wasn’t the first time Hetereki Huke had stumbled upon an open grave like this one.
For years, the swelling waves had broken open platform after platform containing ancient remains. Inside the tombs were old obsidian spearheads, pieces of cremated bone and, sometimes, parts of the haunting statues that have made this island famous.
But this time was different for Huke. The crumbling site was where generations of his own ancestors had been buried.
“Those bones were related to my family,” said Huke, an architect, recalling that day last year.
Centuries ago, Easter Island’s civilization collapsed, but the statues left behind here are a reminder of how powerful it must have been. And now, many of the remains of that civilization may be erased, the United Nations warns, by the rising sea levels rapidly eroding Easter Island’s coasts.
Many of the moai statues and nearly all of the ahu, the platforms that in many cases also serve as tombs for the dead, ring the island.
Read more from source: Easter Island is eroding
For more than 800 years, a series of mesmerizing statues have towered over Rapa Nui, a remote, 15-mile-wide (24-kilometer-wide) island in the southeast Pacific Ocean. The 40-foot-tall (12-meter-tall) statues, known as the moai, may have survived nearly a millennium, but the effects of climate change now threaten to topple the island’s mysterious ancient history.
The nearly 1,000 moai, erected between the 10th and 16th centuries on Rapa Nui (also named Easter Island by an 18th-century Dutch explorer), are being battered by rising sea levels, high-energy waves and increased erosion, as detailed on March 15, 2018, in The New York Times. Ancient human remains are buried beneath many of the works, which appear as giant faces gazing over land and sea.
“Some of the moai have been knocked over in the past — including by tsunamis — and they have been restored. So not every site is in pristine condition,” says Adam Markham, deputy director of climate and energy at the Union of Concerned Scientists. “The difference now is that the danger is even greater. The rate of change is faster than ever.”
Read more from source: Climate Change Threatens the Moai of Easter Island
- The Rapa Nui Marine Protected Area encompasses 740,000 square kilometers (286,000 square miles) of Pacific Ocean surrounding Easter Island, or Rapa Nui. The reserve was approved by a 73 percent majority in a September 2017 referendum of islanders.
- The MPA is intended to eliminate the pressures of commercial fishing and mining on the unique and isolated ecosystem of Rapa Nui. Supporters of the project cite public support and participation as an encouraging sign of the reserve’s long-term potential.
- The Rapa Nui people and government of Chile are currently planning how the reserve will be enforced and monitored, prior to the official signing ceremony on February 27. Many in and outside Rapa Nui believe the reserve will aid relations between the island and the mainland, although there is lingering distrust among some islanders toward Chile.
Stone heads loom in the imagination of most people when they think of Easter Island. Known as Rapa Nui to its inhabitants, who also go by the name Rapa Nui as a people, the island sits in a remote corner of the Pacific Ocean, 4,000 kilometers (2,500 miles) west of Chile.
Many people often refer to them simply as “Easter Island statues” or “Easter Island heads” but the giant humanoid statues on Polynesia’s Easter Island are actually called moai. Carved by the native Rapa Nui people, the moai are 13 feet tall and nearly 14 tons on average, and have stood on the island since they were originally built sometime between the years 1250 and 1500. There are almost 900 of them left, and this past week they were just designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the platforms, called ahu, they stand on; Rapa Nui National Park received this designation in 1995.
The fact that the moai have lasted for so many centuries is a good sign, pointing to them standing for many centuries more to come. However, a collaboration between two companies is now working to ensure that they are further preserved in digital form.
World heritage sites are in danger of vanishing due to climate change.
Climate change is becoming one of the most significant risks for World Heritage Sites, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in its report entitled “World Heritage and Tourism in a Changing Climate”.
The study examines 31 World Heritage Sites from 29 countries which are vulnerable to phenomena such as rising temperatures, melting glaciers, rising sea levels, extreme weather events, or droughts.
The famous Easter Island’s moais, the canals of Venice, or the monumental Stonehenge complex are some of the World Heritage Sites that could be lost in the coming years if there are no “urgent and clear” actions to prevent it.
The “city of canals” has been threatened by rising sea levels for decades.
Expedition Unknown: Hunt For ExtraTerrestrials takes a look at the mysteries of Easter Island as Josh Gates looks for evidence of alien life.
This week Josh Gates and the Expedition Unknown: Hunt For ExtraTerrestrials team head to Easter Island which some ancient alien theorists think aliens could have visited in the distant past.
Easter Island or Rapa Nui (in Polynesian) lies in the southeastern part of the Pacific Ocean and is most famous for the 887 statues that gaze out across the landscape.
Known as moai, they were created by the Rapa Nui civilization over hundreds of years, with initial settlement of the world’s most remote island taking place between 700 and 1100 CE.
However, as the population increased and invasive species like the Polynesian rat upset the ecosystem the civilisation began to decline.
Easter Island, also called Rapa Nui, is a small island located in the southeastern Pacific Ocean and is considered a special territory of Chile. Easter Island is most famous for its large moai statues that were carved by native peoples between 1250 and 1500. The island is also considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site and much of the island’s land belongs to the Rapa Nui National Park.
Easter Island has recently been in the news because many scientists and writers have used it as a metaphor for our planet.
Easter Island’s native population is believed to have overused its natural resources and collapsed. Some scientists and writers claim that global climate change and resource exploitation may lead to the planet collapsing as did the population on Easter Island. These claims, however, are highly disputed.