Saving the orangutans of Sumatra; BBC

Indonesia – Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

Photographer Charlie Dailey visited the island to document efforts to relocate a critically endangered species.

The Leuser Ecosystem is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in northern Sumatra and one of the largest single continuous blocks of tropical rainforest left in the whole of south-east Asia. It is also home to the orangutan, one of the region’s most endangered species.

Despite Leuser’s World Heritage status, it is under continued threat from deforestation by palm-oil plantations, affecting both the fragile ecosystem and critically endangered iconic wildlife.

Photographer Charlie Dailey travelled to Sumatra to document the efforts to relocate orangutans in immediate danger.

The rainforests are the natural habitat of the Sumatran orangutan. A large proportion of the population lives in the borders of Leuser, with the highest density in the lower peat-swamp regions of Tripa, Kleut and Sinkhil – primary tropical forest with canopies up to 40ft (12m) high.

When a palm-oil company moves into an area, large swathes of forests are felled to make way for plantations. To plant on the waterlogged peat-land the companies have to create drainage canals.

Source: Saving the orangutans of Sumatra


Diving Komodo National Park Indonesia; Thorsten Schneider; Liverix

Indonesia – Komodo National Park

The Komodo Park is one of the healthiest marine environments hosting more than 1000 fish species. Komodo National Park was established in 1980 in an effort to conserve the world’s largest lizard – the unique Komodo dragon. Later conservation goals were expanded to protecting both terrestrial and marine environments.

The National Park covers a vast area with three larger islands, including Komodo Island, and many small islands with numerous bays and coves. The surrounding waters are home to diverse marine life. Divers have a chance to swim with hundreds of thousands of reef fish. Big pelagic fish can also be seen in large numbers.

Komodo National Park was established in 1980 and was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. The park was initially established to conserve the Komodo dragon, first discovered by the scientific world in 1911 by J.K.H. Van Steyn.

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Asia Cruise: 3 Port Cities in Southeast Asia Not to Miss; Points And Travel

Indonesia – Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy

Come along with me and Holland America as we explore via an Asia Cruise: 3 Port Cities in Southeast Asia not to miss: Hong Kong, Singapore, and Bali.

Can you imagine going on a trip around the world? I couldn’t either, but now I have to pinch myself as I just returned from a segment of Holland America’s Grand Pacific and Far East Voyage! Although I didn’t do the entire voyage, I was thrilled to join the cruise in Hong Kong and depart in Australia. Holland America’s Grand Pacific and Far East Voyage began and ended in San Diego, California so this cruise is perfect for American passengers. Although you can join and depart at various ports along the way. I had a fabulous time on this southeast Asia cruise.

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Deforestation in Sumatra carves up tiger habitats into ever smaller patches; Basten Gokkon; MongaBay

Indonesia – Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra
  • Twelve years of deforestation in Sumatra have broken the habitats of its native big cat into smaller fragments, a new study says.
  • Only two of the remaining tiger forest landscapes in Sumatra are believed to have populations that are viable for the long term, both of which are under threat from planned road projects.
  • The researchers are calling for a complete halt to the destruction of tiger-occupied forests in Sumatra and the poaching of the nearly extinct predator.

JAKARTA — Extensive deforestation in Sumatra has corralled the island’s native tigers into fragmented habitats, only two of which contain a sufficiently robust population of the nearly extinct big cat, a recent study suggests.

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On the hunt for dragons: Hiking through Komodo Island; Samai Haider; Dhaka Tribune

India – Komodo National Park

Dragons exist, and not just on Westeros. Recounting my encounter with Komodo dragons in Indonesia.

I stared in trepidation at the long, smooth stick offered to me. Expecting a hard day’s hike ahead of us, I turned to our guide, a national park ranger and asked, “Rough terrain?” His sunbaked face split into what can only be construed as an amused smile, as he said, in broken English, “Yes, and also to fight Komodo dragon.”I looked at him in utter disbelief. A relic from the age of the dinosaurs, the Komodo dragon is the largest lizard on the planet, capable of growing up to 10 feet in length. It is known to outrun men, swim long distances in choppy waters to reach other far flung islands and possess a venomous bite – and I was meant to fight one off with a stick.

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The awe inspiring Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist temple in the world!; Nicola Hilditch-Short; The Roaming Renegades

Indonesia – Borobudur Temple Compounds

Heading to Yogyakarta the main attraction for us was just outside the city: The stunning Borobudur Temple, the UNESCO largest Buddhist temple in the world!

The largest Buddhist temple in the world, a huge monument to this religion standing mysteriously atop a hill on the outskirts of Yogyakarta. Ever since I saw images of the characteristic and unique perforated stupas around the top of this enormous temple I knew it was somewhere I just had to visit. One of the religious wonders of the world, to Buddhism what the Vatican is to Catholics, the Blue Mosque to Muslims, the Taj Mahal to Hindus and the wailing wall to the Jewish and well deserving of its UNESCO world heritage status. It ranks alongside ancient wonders such as Bagan and Angkor Wat and is was one of highlights of our time exploring Asia!

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The Best Komodo National Park Tours, Trips & Tickets – East Nusa Tenggara; Viator

Indonesia – Komodo National Park
Komodo National Park, located in the middle of the Indonesian archipelago, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986 due to its biodiversity and most famous inhabitants, the Komodo dragon. The world’s largest lizard—sometimes reaching more than 9 feet (3 meters) in length—are found only on these beautiful and desolate volcanic islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar.
No matter which of the three islands in the park you visit, you’re almost guaranteed to see a dragon or two, but you might also spot Timor deer, water buffalo, wild boar, Rinca rats, wild horses, fruit bats or long-tailed macaque monkeys. The islands also represent one of the riches marine environments in Indonesia, and the diving opportunities on the reef just off the coast are top notch. Outdoor enthusiasts will find hiking trails (though you’ll need a guide) and smaller islands only accessible by kayak.
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Rising Sumatran tiger numbers show impact of protection efforts; Max Walden; Asian Correspondent

Indonesia – Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

A NEW scientific paper has highlighted rising numbers of critically endangered tigers in a national park on Indonesia’s Sumatra island as the result of establishing an Intensive Protection Zone.

Authored by researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park Authority, the paper demonstrates numbers of Sumatran tigers in the park rose significantly over the decade to 2015, despite being on the Unesco List of World Heritage in Danger list.

“This increasing population trend in Sumatran tigers is a dream come true for all conservationists in Indonesia,” said Dr Noviar Andayani, WCS-Indonesia country director and co-author of the paper, which was published in Oryx – The International Journal of Conservation.

The Panthera tigris sumatrae is the only remaining species of “island tigers”, a subspecies including the now-extinct Java and Bali tigers.

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Sumatran tiger population recovering: Study; PTI

Indonesia – Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

The population of Sumatran tigers – a critically endangered species found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra – may have increased despite living in a threatened UNESCO World Heritage Site, a study suggests.

The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is the only extant sub-species of ‘Island tigers’, which includes the now-extinct Javan and Bali tiger.

This sub-species is genetically distinct from the other six sub-species of continental tigers.

Researchers, including those from Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), set 123 camera traps over a 1,000 square kilometre forest block located in a protection zone at the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in Indonesia.

Results of the camera-trap study showed a Sumatran tiger population density increase to 2.8 tigers per 100 square kilometres in 2015 from 1.6 tigers in 2002.

Furthermore, the proportion of male and female tigers recently recorded was 1:3.

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Sumatran tigers on path to recovery in ‘in danger’ UNESCO World Heritage site; BIOENGINEER.ORG

Indonesia – Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra

Jakarta, Indonesia (Oct. 23, 2017) – A new scientific publication from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park Authority looks at the effectiveness of the park’s protection zone and finds that the density of Sumatran tigers has increased despite the continued threat of living in an ‘In Danger’ World Heritage Site.

Living only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, the Critically Endangered Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is the only extant sub-species of ‘Island tigers’, which includes the now-extinct Javan and Bali tiger. This sub-species is genetically distinct from the other six sub-species of continental tigers.

Sumatran tigers face many challenges to their continued existence in the wild, where they require a home range of 25,000 hectares. These include being poached for their skin, bones and other body parts, involvement in conflict with people, a depleted prey base, and habitat loss.

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