There are 44 countries in Europe today with dozens of cities with populations of over one million residents. Many of these major cities have a long history that goes back thousands of years and at one point was either the capitol of a vast empire or achieved the title of richest city in the world.
The below list of top 10 cities to visit in Europe includes cities with varied architecture, food, language, culture, and history. As a result, these cities provide a great travel experience to gain a sense of the vast diversity within Europe.
10) VIENNA, AUSTRIA
Vienna is the capital of Austria with a population of about 1.8 million residents and is the cultural, political, and economic center. The city started out as Celtic and Roman settlements before transforming into a Medieval and Baroque city, and then capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The historic center is a UNESCO world heritage site with impressive architecture including Baroque castles, gardens, monuments and parks.
Take a day trip to the home town of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on a guided full-day rail tour from Munich to Salzburg. Considered one of the jewels in the crown of Europe, the city of Salzburg has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, framed by the majestic backdrop of the snow-capped Alps and famed for its old-world glamour.
Salzburg is also one of the most popular movie tourism destinations in the world for one simple reason, The Sound of Music. With a group of up to 25 people, you will see sights you’ll remember from the silver screen. Salzburg is one of the finest preserved medieval old towns in Europe, criss-crossed with winding streets and venerable market places and adorned with architectural monuments of the later baroque era. Piazzas and fountains, the stunning Domkirche Cathedral, palaces, gardens, churches, monasteries, confectioneries and patisseries. And towering above it all, the breathtaking 900 year old fortress Festung Hohensalzburg, the magnificent edifice that dominates the city’s skyline.
As the Danube River curves east towards Vienna, it weaves through a collection of enchanting hamlets, timeworn fortresses and perfectly stacked vineyards of the Wachau Valley in Lower Austria.
The steep terraced landscapes of ancient, hand-made stone walls are the laid tracks of the compact 15km stretch of meticulously manicured, towering vineyards that have come to define one of Europe’s most beautiful and world-renowned wine landscapes.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000, the Wachau in Austria is as culturally rich with its scattering of old medieval towns as it is a nature haven of hiking and biking trails through a uniquely preserved landscape. All held together within a region that tells its centuries old stories through wine.
For a trip to the Wachau is not complete without sampling the famous Grüner Veltliner and Riesling varieties from the very vineyards you pass through on your exploration. You might just have to ‘work’ for it first.
Joining a Grape Harvest in the Wachau Valley
There was a six-month stretch between my two trips to the Wachau Valley.
Vienna is an amazing city. The architecture is as impressive as the city itself. There are many amazing buildings, both historic and modern that will take you breath away even if you’re not particularly fond of architecture.
Several modern and contemporary buildings that come to mind include the new campus of the Vienna University of Economics and Business, which is located at Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020, Haas House, which is located at Stephansplatz 1010 Wien and Uniqa Tower located at Untere Donaustraße 21 1020.
Of course we cannot write about architecture and Vienna and not mention the St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna City Hall, Hofburg, the Belvedere and Karlskirche. If you love architecture, then Vienna should definitely be on your bucket list.
However, Vienna is much more than that, it is a city that is buzzing with culture, delectable cuisine, beautiful places to see and lots of things to do. What is even more impressive is that there are many free things that you can do while visiting this European gem.
A communist monument in mountainous Bulgaria, an ice factory in England and an art nouveau casino in Romania are among Europe’s most endangered heritage sites, say campaigners.
Campaigners have today sounded the alarm over Europe’s most under-threat buildings and monuments.
Europa Nostra, a pan-European cultural heritage federation, released a list of seven sites it considers endangered.
Maestro Plácido Domingo, the group’s president, said the “rare treasures” were in danger of being lost.
Europa Nostra says its list is intended to be a “catalyst for action” and that sites it had highlighted in previous years have now been saved for future generations.
England: the UK’s ‘oldest ice factory’
The ice from the factory was used to preserve fish in ships in Grimsby, once one of the world’s largest fishing ports. It is now in a state of serious decline, say campaigners, and plans to secure its future have yet to find funding.
At the gateway to the Balkans, the Austrian capital is one of Europe’s most important cultural centres! Here are the best neighbourhoods to stay in Vienna.
Vienna is the capital of Austria. With a population of 1.8 million and home to major international institutions – such as OSCE, OPEC, IAEA and United Nations agencies – it is the largest German-speaking metropolis in the world after Berlin. Staying in Vienna is expensive, but to visit a city that attracts 3.7 million visitors a year, and a city that has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2001, is a priceless opportunity.
Divided by the Wien and the Danube rivers, – the former capital of the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburgs – Vienna is the main economic, cultural and political centre of Austria. The city comprises many neighbourhoods with many places to stay in its 23 districts. Below is a non-exhaustive list to make your stay in Vienna a success.
Innere Stadt, city centre
Innere Stadt, the central 3 km2 is the real nucleus of the city, and the best district to taste the famous Sacher pie in its many cafes and restaurants.
New Delhi: If you are looking to holiday in Europe, why not begin at its heart – in the Austrian capital of Vienna? For centuries Vienna commanded a special place as the nucleus of Europe, forming a natural gateway between Western and European parts. Even today, this multidimensional city by the lovely Danube river, that is just a seven hours flight from India, is a charming cultural conduit to the rest of Europe, with diverse offerings. Reason enough for a growing number of Indians to choose a Viennese Vacation.
“Over 2017, Vienna’s tourism industry had its best year ever — 15.5 million visitor bednights — notching up an all-time high. Over 58,000 Indians spent nearly 128,000 bednights, representing an amazing 11% growth,” says Mr Norbert Kettner, Director of Tourism, Vienna Tourist Board.
With its red trams, magnificent museums, ornate palaces, atmospheric coffeehouses and its UNESCO World Heritage listed historic city centre, Vienna seamlessly combines a cultural break with the outdoors activities making it the ideal destination for family holidays.
Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, home to one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps — it’s also a gorgeous and luxurious place to visit year-round. If you’re looking to stay in this picturesque destination, enjoy only the best at one of these top luxury hotels.
Hotel Sacher Salzburg
Stay in Salzburg’s grand, 5-star Hotel Sacher Salzburg. Located on the shores of Salzach River, it offers views of the city’s Old Town and is in close proximity to some of the best sites the city has to offer.
This historic hotel is located in the heart of Salzburg, close to the Mirabell Palace and the Festival Houses. The elegant rooms are spacious and updated, while still offering historic charm.
Hotel Goldener Hirsch
This captivating 5-star hotel is located in Salzburg’s historic Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Stay right in the thick of Salzburg’s most famous attractions and relish in the beautiful antique touches.
Austrian capital Vienna is one of the finest places to visit with your family in 2018. Here’s why!
At a time when Vienna’s tourism industry looks back at 2017 as its best year ever – 15.5 million visitor bed nights – Indian travelers too hotfooted to Vienna, known for its imperial history, magnificent palaces and gardens. In 2017, over 58,000 Indians spent nearly 128,000 bed nights in the Austrian capital, an impressive 11% increase over 2016.
“The welcoming attitude of the people of Vienna helped ensure that visitors have delightful experiences and return to their homes with wonderful memories,” says Isabella Rauter, Public Relations Manager for Vienna Tourist Board.
With its red trams, magnificent museums, ornate palaces, atmospheric coffeehouses and its UNESCO World Heritage listed historic city centre, Vienna seamlessly combines a cultural break with the outdoors activities making it the ideal destination for family holidays. The city‘s efficient public transport system comprising tram, bus and metro is as convenient for small children in strollers as it is for the elderly.
UNESCO says that for sites to be included on its World Heritage List, they “must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria” — which include (but are not limited to): having a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared, having aesthetic importance to an area, and exhibiting an important interchange of human values.
But just because a site has earned itself a place on the List, it doesn’t necessarily mean it will keep it’s spot. Armed conflict, natural disaster, severe weather, unplanned urban developments, pollution and more can all play a part in threatening a sites’ status.
Below you can find 21 of the sites that have been places on UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger. For more information, visit the website.
Vienna, Austria Río Plátano, Honduras Sumatran Rainforest, Indonesia Historic Center of Shakhrisyabz, Uzbekistan Medieval Monuments in Kosovo, Serbia Potosí, Bolivia Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal Kasubi Tombs, Uganda East Rennell, Solomon Islands Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Chile Atsinanana Rainforest, Madagascar