For over 1,300 years, the Hani people in Southwest China have plowed rice terraces that appear to cascade down the lush hillsides and form a spectacular view. The terraced fields in Yuanyang county, Yunnan province, made it onto the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2013.
Tag Archives: CN – Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
For over 1,300 years, the Hani people in Southwest China have been plowing their rice terraces that cascade down the lush hillsides and shape a spectacular rice-paddy terracing view.
Southwest China’s Yunnan province, one of the country’s most-visited tourist destinations, received more than 530 million visitors in 2020, local authorities said.
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Editor’s Note: Terraces are step-like landforms for cultivation in hilly or mountainous areas that have provided food for hundreds of years and continue to play an important role in Chinese agriculture. Today these terrace fields are also marvels for travelers and photographers.
1. Hani Terraces, Yuanyang county
Hani Terraces, particularly created by Chinese Hani ethnic group, is an absolute wonder of farming civilization with a long history of more than 1,300 years. The UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee inscribed cultural landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces onto the prestigious World Heritage List in 2013.
2. Longji Rice Terraces
Located on Longji Mountain of Pingan Village, Longji Terrace, also known as Longsheng Terrace Field, is a fascinating scenic spot. First constructed in Yuan Dynasty and completed in Qing Dynasty, it has over 650 years of history. It gets the name for resembling a dragon with the mountain top as its backbone. Covering an area of 66 square kilometers, it is scatted from the altitude of 300 to 1,100 meters. June is considered as the best time to visit. It is amazing when you stand on the top of the mountain and see the terraces in a fine weather.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in November 2012, President Xi Jinping has put forward a series of major discourses on promoting the inheritance and innovation of excellent traditional Chinese culture, which shows the Party’s strong confidence in traditional Chinese culture and high regard for archaeological work. In the last five years, cultural heritage conservation has become no longer just the duty of certain government departments, but the responsibility of society as a whole. The first national survey of movable cultural relics was launched in 2012 and will be completed by 2020, and a database containing identity tags for State-owned artifacts will be established. Let’s take a look at what the nation has achieved in protecting Chinese culture during the last five years.
Related policies and regulations:
The State Council released Regulation on Museums, which was effective March 20, 2015.
The Honghe Hani Rice Terraces in Yunnan, China, covers an immense 16,603-hectares. These spectacular terraces cascade down the slopes of the towering Ailao Mountains to the banks of the Hong River.
The terraces rise by 3,000 steps at varying angles from a shallow 15 degrees to a steep 75 degrees, forming a magnificent landscape that is rare both at home and abroad.
Over the past 1,300 years, the Hani people have developed a complex system of channels to bring water from the forested mountaintops to these terraces. They have also created an integrated farming system that involves buffalos, cattle, ducks, fish and eel and supports the production of red rice, the area’s primary crop. The terraced fields were officially acknowledged by UNESCO as a World Cultural and Natural Heritage site in 2013.