A restoration project has been commenced on sections of Zarch Qanat in central Iran, which had been harmed by recent flash floods. Widely known as the world’s longest subterranean aqueduct, the qanat is stretched some 80 km across Yazd province.
Tag Archives: IR – The Persian Qanat
TEHRAN – For thousands of years, qanat systems have supplied water to agricultural and permanent settlements in arid regions of Iran, tapping alluvial aquifers at the heads of valleys and conducting the water along underground tunnels by gravity, often over many kilometers.
Iran’s Underground ‘Qanat’ Channels Are Ingenious Ancient Solutions for Sourcing Water; Loukia Papadopoulos; Interesting Engineering
The Persian qanats added to Unesco’s World Heritage list two years ago, consist of an ancient system of water sourcing underground tunnels. The 3,000-year-old ingenious channels still provide a reliable supply of water for some of Iran’s most arid regions…
The government has earmarked 300 billion rials ($7.9 million) for the next fiscal year (starts March 21, 2017) for the restoration and preservation of 11 qanats inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List last year under the name “Iran’s Ancient Qanat System”.
“Each qanat will receive a specified amount of money depending on factors such as their location, tourism capacity and level of restoration,” Mohammad Hossein Talebian, a deputy for cultural heritage at Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization, was quoted as saying by IRNA.
Qanats are underground aqueducts first used by Persians c. 1000 BC. These structures were used to transfer water from aquifers in highlands to the surface at lower levels by gravity. Historians believe the qanats of Iran were built on a scale that rivaled the great aqueducts of the Roman Empire.
These destinations may be fresh additions to the UNESCO World Heritage list, but they’ve got a lot of history behind them.
If you’re one to combine travel with cultural excursions, then UNESCO’s 2016 World Heritage list has some new stops around the region for you.
For starters, the Persian Qanat, a system of transporting water underground using gravity in arid central Iran, is new to the list. Shazdeh Garden, six kilometers outside Mahan, is one of its 11 sites included in the system that ingeniously taps an alluvial aquifer. This rectangular oasis is home to pine, cedar, buttonwood and fruit trees, as well as an eight-level rivulet, and it doubles as a spot where local herdsmen gather to water their animals.