Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)

800px-the_chhatrapati_shivaji_terminus_28cst29
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Anoop Ravi/Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0).
 India
City of Mumbai, Maharashtra State
N18 56 24.44 E72 50 10.33
Date of Inscription: 2004
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Property : 2.85 ha
Ref: 945rev
778px-chhatrapati_shivaji_terminus_28formerly_victoria_terminus29_-_central_dome_over_grand_staircase_-_3
Central dome over grand staircase (Ronakshah1990/Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 4.0).

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) is located in Mumbai on the Western Part of India touching the shores of the Arabian Sea. This building, designed by F. W. Stevens, is spread across a 2.85 hectare area. The terminal was built over a period of 10 years starting in 1878. This is one of the finest functional Railway Station buildings of the world and is used by more than three million commuters daily. This property is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Architectural Revival in India, blended with the themes derived from Indian Traditional Architecture. Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture. It is an outstanding example of the fusion of two cultures, as British architects worked with Indian craftsmen to include Indian architectural tradition and idioms thus forging a new style unique to Mumbai. This was the first terminus station in the subcontinent. It became a commercial palace representing the economic wealth of the nation.

Criterion (ii): Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) exhibits an important interchange of influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture, and from Indian Traditional buildings. It became a symbol for Mumbai as a major mercantile port city on the Indian subcontinent within the British Commonwealth.

Criterion (iv): Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) is an outstanding example of late 19th century railway architecture in the British Commonwealth, characterized by Victorian Gothic Revival and traditional Indian Features, as well as its advanced structural and technical solutions.

Suggested base:

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CATEGORY:   INDIA

TAG:   IN – CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI TERMINUS (FORMERLY VICTORIA TERMINUS)

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