Serengeti National Park

Mara, Arusha, and Shinyanga Provinces
S2 19 59.988 E34 34 0.012
Date of Inscription: 1981
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Property : 1,476,300 ha
Ref: 156
News Links/Travelogues:

The vast plains of the Serengeti comprise 1.5 million ha of savannah. The annual migration to permanent water holes of vast herds of herbivores (wildebeest, gazelles and zebras), followed by their predators, is one of the most impressive natural events in the world.

In the vast plains of Serengeti National Park, comprising 1.5 million hectares of savannah, the annual migration of two million wildebeests plus hundreds of thousands of gazelles and zebras – followed by their predators in their annual migration in search of pasture and water – is one of the most impressive nature spectacles in the world. The biological diversity of the park is very high with at least four globally threatened or endangered animal species: black rhinoceros, elephant, wild dog, and cheetah.

Criterion (vii): The Serengeti plains harbour the largest remaining unaltered animal migration in the world where over one million wildebeest plus hundreds of thousands of other ungulates engage in a 1,000 km long annual circular trek spanning the two adjacent countries of Kenya and Tanzania. This spectacular phenomenon takes place in a unique scenic setting of ‘endless plains’: 25,000km2 of treeless expanses of spectacularly flat short grasslands dotted with rocky outcrops (kopjes) interspersed with rivers and woodlands. The Park also hosts one of the largest and most diverse large predator-prey interactions worldwide, providing a particularly impressive aesthetic experience.

Criterion (x):  The remarkable spatial-temporal gradient in abiotic factors such as rainfall, temperature, topography and geology, soils and drainage systems in Serengeti National Park manifests in a wide variety of aquatic and terrestrial habitats. The combination of volcanic soils combined with the ecological impact of the migration results in one of the most productive ecosystems on earth, sustaining the largest number of ungulates and the highest concentration of large predators in the world. The ecosystem supports 2 million wildebeests, 900,000 Thomson’s gazelles and 300,000 zebras as the dominant herds. Other herbivores include 7,000 elands, 27,000 topis, 18,000 hartebeests, 70,000 buffalos, 4,000 giraffes, 15,000 warthogs, 3,000 waterbucks, 2,700 elephants, 500 hippopotamuses, 200 black rhinoceroses, 10 species of antelope and 10 species of primate. Major predators include 4,000 lions, 1000 leopards, 225 cheetahs, 3,500 spotted hyenas and 300 wild dogs. Of these, the black rhino Diceros bicornis, leopard Panthera pardus, African elephant Loxodonta africana and cheetah Acynonix jubatus are listed in the IUCN Red List. There are over 500 species of birds that are perennially or seasonally present in the Park, of which five species are endemic to Tanzania. The Park has the highest ostrich population in Tanzania and probably Africa, making the population globally important.

Suggested Bases:

Bariadi is a town in Tanzania, East Africa. It is the capital of Simiyu Region, and the administrative seat of Bariadi District. Bariadi also refers to Bariadi Ward, an administrative unit in the district. Bariadi is located in Bariadi Ward, Bariadi District, Simiyu Region, in Tanzania. The town is approximately 144 kilometres (89 mi) east of Mwanza, the nearest large city. Musoma, another large city, is located approximately 166 kilometres (103 mi) north of Bariadi. Bariadi was elevated to Town Council Status in 2012. Bariadi Town Council covers an area measuring 876.71 square kilometres (338.50 sq mi). It comprises ten wards; Bariadi, Somanda, Sima, Malambo, Nyangokolwa, Guduwi, Nyakabindi and Bunahmala. According to the satellite map of the town, Bariadi as several primary and secondary schools, several churches of various religious denominations, a number of restaurants and branches of two of Tanzania’s largest banks; CRDB Bank and National Microfinance Bank. The town as two seasons; (a) a rainy season that begins around mid-October and stretches until mid-May, with a dry spell in January, and (b) a dry season that begins in mid-May and lasts until mid-October. Annual total rainfall averages between 600 millimetres (24 in) and 900 millimetres (35 in) [read more].

Musoma is a city in north west of Tanzania. It is the capital of Mara Region, one of the administrative Regions of Tanzania. It also serves as the administrative centre of Musoma Rural District and Musoma Urban District. The name Musoma comes from the word Omusoma which means, a spit. The name refers to Musoma’s many spits pointing into the surrounding Lake Victoria. Among the current resident ethnic groups of Mara, the site that later developed into the town of Musoma was first settled by the Kurya subtribe of Abhakabhwa, commonly called Wakabwa. They also gave the name to the location. Hence, Musoma originates from the Kabwa word ‘Omusoma’, which actually means a piece of land that protrudes into the Lake, essentially, a peninsula. All the kingdoms in Mara, which are actually sub-kingdoms of people with a common ancestry use the word ‘Omusoma’ (for the Wakabwa, as well as the Wajita and the closely related sub tribes of Wakwaya, Waruri, Wakara, and Wakerewe) and ‘Omosoma’ (for the many Kurianic sub-tribes such as Abhakerobha – commonly called Wakiroba; Wasimbiti, Wakenye, nk.) [read more].

Mwanza is a city in Northwest Tanzania on the southern edge of Lake Victoria. Your main reason for coming here would likely be en route to Rwanda or Uganda. The city received some international attention after the controversial documentary Darwin’s Nightmare, which is about the trade in the Nile Perch, centered in this city. The shores of Lake Victoria are interesting to walk along and popular with locals. Also, climb to the top of Capri Point at the west end of Station Road for a nice view of the area. Daladalas (public “buses”) are a good, cheap way to get from the city to the surrounding areas. Costing only TSh 300 for a trip, they are crowded, slow, and thrilling sometimes. You may want to ask someone which one you need to take as there are no transit maps. Taxis can be an option, although there aren’t any official labels on them as there are in the capital. White licence plates means that the vehicle is registered for commercial use, and yellow mean private [read more].

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.