Yemen’s rich historical sites being erased, the country’s Ministry of Culture says…
The Iran-backed rebels have been stealing manuscripts and historical books, cultural body say…
The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (IESCO) condemned Iran-backed Houthis in Yemen for stealing manuscripts, historical and scientific books and artifacts from the historic library of Zabid. The stolen items were valuable…
DUBAI: The Islamic Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization condemned Sunday the Houthis’ theft of manuscripts, historical and scientific books and artifacts from the library of a fortress in…
A War on ‘Collective Memory’: A Sober Report Reveals the Extent of the Damage to War-Torn Cultural Sites in Yemen; Kate Brown; artnet News
In a new report, a humans rights organization details the damage suffered by Yemen’s historical landmarks.
The sand-coloured town overlooking the country’s west coast was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1993.
Zabid, Yemen: Once Yemen’s capital and famed as an architectural marvel of early Islam, the town of Zabid is fighting to survive as a brutal war closes in on its fortified walls.
The sand-coloured town overlooking the country’s west coast was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1993 for its centuries-old urban planning and architecture, including the world’s fifth oldest mosque.
Riven by neglect and poverty, it was placed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage in Danger seven years later.
Yemen’s three-year war, which has killed nearly 10,000 people and pushed the country to the brink of famine, is now threatening the fate of Zabid.
So far the town has been spared in the battle between Yemen’s Iran-backed Houthi rebels and a government allied with a military coalition.
But a fight for nearby Hodeida, home to Yemen’s most vital port, has raised fears the violence is closing in on Zabid.
Ahmed Hussein Ahmed says his home was damaged last month, as government forces clashed with Houthi rebels nearby.
GENEVA, FEBRUARY 20 – As fighting along Yemen’s Red Sea coast continues, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is urging all parties to the conflict to protect and respect the city of Zabid, a World Heritage Site that has the highest concentration of mosques in Yemen.
Fighting would endanger civilians, Zabid’s unique architecture and the city’s cultural connection to one of the world’s major religions. Cultural property like Zabid’s is protected by international humanitarian law.
“The fighting in Hodeida governorate is at the gates of the historic city of Zabid, fanning fears for the fate of its cultural heritage,” said Alexandre Faite, ICRC’s head of delegation in Yemen.
The frontline is only kilometers from Zabid. Any destruction of cultural property there would mean that people, communities and all of humanity lose out.
“International humanitarian law makes it clear that special care must be taken in military operations to avoid damaging this outstanding archeological and historical site,” Mr. Faite added.
There’s Now a Database of Cultural Sites in Danger. It has 20,000 Entries; Sarah Pruitt; History in the Headlines
History is under siege across the Middle East and North Africa. Due to armed conflict, looting, construction, tourist traffic, water and wind erosion almost 20,000 sites are believed to be at risk. To help bring attention to the precarious situation, a team of British researchers recently launched the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa (EAMENA) Database, an online resource that assesses the current condition of heritage sites and details threats to their survival.
A combination of the revolutionary upheavals of the Arab Spring, conflicts in Syria, Libya and Yemen; construction and agriculture projects, tourism and just plain old weather have put the diverse archaeological sites of the Middle East and North Africa at increasing risk over the last few years.