Le Corbusier: The Swiss architect, his life and work; Icon Eye

Notre Dame du Haut, built in Ronchamp, France, in 1955. Photo by Ricardo Gomez Angel

A century since Le Corbusier began his journey as an architect, he remains one of the profession’s most influential and controversial figures. Here, Joe Lloyd explores how he got thereNo modern architect is as simultaneously…

Source: Le Corbusier: The Swiss architect, his life and work

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Eileen Gray’s and Le Corbusier’s architectural gems reopen after extensive restoration; Anna Sansom; The Art Newspaper

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Brutalist architecture – a retrospective; Architecture & Design

Powerful, imposing structures with an unpretentious and unapologetic aesthetic, yet standing out for their bold individuality, brutalist buildings are difficult to fall in love with at first sight.

Source: Brutalist architecture – a retrospective | Architecture & Design

Encounter a modern architecture master at Saint-Étienne; Zhang Xingjian; China Daily

To anyone who is interested in architecture, Le Corbusier is absolutely a major name in the field.

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Le Corbusier’s Paris Apartment Opens to the Public; Nadja Sayej; Architectural Digest

The building is a UNESCO World Heritage Site…

Source: Le Corbusier’s Paris Apartment Opens to the Public | Architectural Digest

21 Buildings That Helped Shape Modern Architecture, From 1945 to Today; Christopher McFadden; Interesting Engineering

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Modern architecture would come to dominant architectural design after the destruction of WW2. It would later, largely, give way to postmodernism in the 1980’s.

Modernism or Modern Architecture is an architectural style that emerged in the early years of the 20th Century. Modernism would become the dominant architectural form in the aftermath and devastation of the Second World War across Europe.

It is characterized by its heavy use of new technologies with particular emphasis on the use of glass, steel and, of course, reinforced concrete. Many also define it as being the rejection of the old traditional neoclassical style and Beaux-Arts that were popularised during the previous century.

Modern Architecture would remain the dominant architectural form throughout most the 20th Century until it was deposed in the 1980’s by, the appropriately termed, postmodernist style.

Famous Modernist Architects

There have been many prominent Modernist architects throughout the years but the most notable include:-

– Frank Lloyd Wright,

– Le Corbusier,

– Ieoh Ming Pei,

– Erich Mendelsohn and;

– Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

Read more from source: 21 Buildings That Helped Shape Modern Architecture, From 1945 to Today

Everything You Wanted to Know About Brutalist Architecture; Isobel McKenzie; NONAGON

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Masterpiece or monstrosity? From Le Corbusier’s big housing project through to crumbling castles. Get to know this divisive design style.

What is Brutalist Architecture?

You may have heard of the term Brutalist architecture and thought, that sounds a bit harsh.. But the rough and aggressive name is the perfect moniker for this love-it-or-hate-it style of architecture. The word ‘brutal’ comes from the French béton brut, referring to the ‘raw cement’ used in many of these buildings. In Brutalist architecture this rawness refers to the stripped back and glaringly conspicuous concrete that composes the designs. Arguably the most controversial design movement of the 20th century, here is everything you wanted to know about Brutalist architecture.

Where and When

World War Two put an end to the frivolity of previous decades’ design styles. With determination and optimism, areas destroyed by enemy bombs were rebuilt across Europe. The post-war population boom exaggerated the need for housing around the world. To meet demand for affordable homes, architects moved to concrete as an inexpensive material that allowed for quick construction.

Source: Everything You Wanted to Know About Brutalist Architecture | NONAGON.style

Grand Designs: Le Corbusier, the 20th Century’s Most Influential Architect; Ulrike Lemmin-Woolfrey; France Today

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

His concrete monoliths still divide opinion today, yet Le Corbusier is undoubtedly the most influential architect of the 20th century. Ulrike Lemmin-Woolfrey investigates.

Father of modern architecture, Le Corbusier was a true trailblazer. He was a contemporary and friend of Picasso and Dalí, who met Einstein and became infatuated with Josephine Baker. A man who travelled the globe, crossed the Atlantic in the Graf Zeppelin, and flew across South America with Saint-Exupéry. A man who once skinned his dead pet dog and then covered one of his books in its fur. A prolific painter and sculptor, an author of 34 books, a polemicist, a public speaker and lecturer. An architect who was called upon to design an entire city from scratch. A divisive urban planner who dreamed of razing central Paris to the ground to make space for concrete skyscrapers.

Le Corbusier’s work is now studied and debated by scholars and architects the world over.

Source: Grand Designs: Le Corbusier, the 20th Century’s Most Influential Architect

AIA urges the U.S. to continue support for UNESCO in statement; Barbara Eldredge; Curbed

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

A statement from the organization underscores the importance of UNESCO’s preservation efforts.

Last week, the State Department announced that the U.S. will withdraw from UNESCO—the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, which, among other activities, designates World Heritage Sites of architectural and cultural significance.

The Trump administration’s stated reasons for leaving the organization include UNESCO’s “anti-Israel bias” and past-due debts of more than $500 million. The U.S. would, however, remain as a non-member observer still contributing “views, perspectives and expertise on some of the important issues undertaken by the organization.”

This week, the professional organization American Institute of Architects (AIA), has a response.

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AIA Responds to Trump’s UNESCO Departure; Carrie Hojnicki; Architectural Digest

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

AIA President Thomas Vonier calls for continued support of architecture and preservation efforts.

As news broke last week of the Trump administration’s plan for a U.S. departure from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), many were left fearful about potential ramifications on the group’s efforts domestically and abroad. For architecture and preservation, this was particularly poignant with regards to UNESCO’s World Heritage List, which legally protects sites—natural and man-made—bearing cultural, scientific, or historic significance (including many architectural gems). On Tuesday, one such voice, the American Institute of Architects (AIA), issued a statement in support of UNESCO’s work and underlining the importance of cultural preservation.

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Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp is one of Le Corbusier’s most iconic buildings; The Architecture Insight

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

World Heritage Corb: next up in our series on the 17 buildings by Le Corbusier that have been added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List is the architect’s Notre Dame du Haut, the small chapel in Ronchamp, France, that has become one of his most iconic designs.
Completed in 1954, the Ronchamp chapel was built for a Catholic church on a pre-existing pilgrimage site. The previous stone building had been largely destroyed during the second world war.

It is considered one of the most important buildings of the 20th century, and represents a key shift away from the sparse, functionalist form of Modernism that Le Corbusier displayed in his earlier projects.
The main structure consists of thick masonry walls, which are curved to improve stability and provide structural support.

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10 Iconic Brutalist Structures; Benjamin Elisha Sawe; WorldAtlas

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Love it or hate it, brutalist architecture has made a splash in the urban landscape of many of the world’s largest cities.

The Brutalism architectural movement was a popular design which incorporated the use of concrete to create a unique staircase-style façade. The architectural style originated in European communist countries and was famous around the world in the 1960s and 1970s. Buildings constructed using brutalist architecture had many critics with some including Prince Charles, terming the buildings as “piles of concrete” while others embraced the designs admiring their unique aesthetic appeal.

10. National Theatre – London, UK

The National Theatre in London is also known as the Royal National Theatre. The theater was constructed in the 1970s and was opened in 1976.

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Lights designed by Le Corbusier withdrawn from Paris auction at last minute; Gareth Harris; Art Newspaper

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Artcurial auctioneers left surprised as sale of 100 light sconces from Firminy World Heritage site is halted.

More than 100 light sconces designed by the French-Swiss architect Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris) were withdrawn from a sale at the Paris-based auction house Artcurial last week (30 May), an hour before they were due to go under the hammer.

The sconces came from the Unité d’habitation de Firminy (housing unit) in the Loire valley, the second largest site designed by Le Corbusier after the Complexe du Capitole in Chandigarh, India. Last year, the Firminy complex was designated by Unesco as a World Heritage site.

The items were consigned by the Firminy housing public office, the organisation that runs the block of 1,000 inhabitants.

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Artcurial Auctions More Than 100 Lights from Le Corbusier’s Unité d’Habitation; Carly Olson; Architectural Digest

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

The fixtures were salvaged from the architect’s public housing unit in Firminy, France.

Any architecture buff has marveled at the works of Le Corbusier, a master in functional structure and urban planning who came to define architectural modernism. Now, more than 25 buyers have a rare chance to own a piece of his direct design legacy. Paris-based auction house Artcurial is putting over one hundred metal sconces designed by the architect on the block today, all of which were previously housed in one of his historic public housing complexes. The lights were salvaged in 2004 from the building in Firminy, France, when it underwent major renovations.

A former mining town in the Loire Valley, Firminy underwent a substantial population boom after World War II.

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Two UNESCO World Heritage Sites to Visit in Paris; Sidonie Sawyer; HuffPost

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Both are masterful gems from famed architect Le Corbusier, real name Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris.

First One. The Maison La Roche.

This is a newly (2016) classified site in Paris. Among 19th century facades of the chic 16th arrondissement of the capital city, the Maison La Roche is a striking example of modern architecture by Le Corbusier. The building is now the headquarters of Le Corbusier Foundation.

Built between 1923 and 1925 by Swiss architect Le Corbusier and his cousin Pierre Jeanneret for a wealthy art collector, it stands as one of several experimental houses designed by Le Corbusier in the Paris vicinity.

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Le Corbusier Foundation: A Must-Visit UNESCO World Heritage Site in Paris; Mary Winston Nicklin; France Today

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Did you know that in Paris it’s possible to visit a Le Corbusier building, newly classified in 2016 as a UNESCO World Heritage site?

Tucked away among the golden 19th century facades of the tony 16th arrondissement, the Maison La Roche is a striking example of modern architecture by none other than famed architect Le Corbusier. A quiet alleyway, verdant with vegetation, leads back to the building, which is now the headquarters of Le Corbusier Foundation. Maison La Roche was built between 1923-1925 by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret for a wealthy art collector friend, and today stands as one of the iconic experimental houses designed by Le Corbusier in the Paris vicinity.

A visit to this extraordinary maison is a must for culture vultures and architecture buffs.

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Brutalist Architecture in 10 Buildings; Melissa Harrison; Highsnobiety

France – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

The term “Brutalist architecture” is often credited to the architecture critic Reyner Banham, who said: “what characterizes the New Brutalism… is precisely its brutality, its je-m’en-foutisme, its bloody-mindedness.” The concrete monsters produced by the British New Brutalism movement are beloved by many and also hated in equal numbers – and the chasm between both groups is wide and filled with controversy.

However, the origins of the movement never found their footing in a penchant for the brutal. The name, in fact, derives from the French words béton brut, meaning raw concrete. In the wake of World War II, and with the birth of the welfare state, many architects sought to rebuild their respective countries with a “humanist” Modernism aimed at enacting social change.

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