Ho dynasty citadel – World Cultural Heritage Pride of Vietnam; Hoang Hoa; Nhan Dan

Photo: Nhan Dan

Thanh Hoa province will receive UNESCO certification recognising the Ho dynasty citadel as a World Cultural Heritage site tomorrow. The acknowledgement is the pride of Thanh Hoa province, as well the country as a whole, for the citadel’s unique construction symbolising the intelligence and efforts of the Vietnamese people more than six hundred years ago.

Source: Ho dynasty citadel – World Cultural Heritage Pride of Vietnam

Cave artwork found in Spain is confirmed as oldest in Europe at 40,800 years old and could have been painted by Neanderthals; Graham Smith; Daily Mail

Photo: Pedro Saura

The Palaeolithic paintings in northern Spain have been precisely dated for the first time, proving the art form began in Europe 10,000 years earlier than previously thought.

Source: Cave artwork found in Spain is confirmed as oldest in Europe at 40,800 years old and could have been painted by Neanderthals

The Peoples, Languages, and History of the Pyrenees Region; Friedrich Edelmayer; Brewminate

Spain – Burgos Cathedral


The Pyrenees region encompasses areas from the Kingdom of Spain, the Republic of France and the Principality of Andorra. It is also linguistically heterogeneous. In addition to the official state languages Spanish and French, Basque, Aragonese, Catalan and Occitan are spoken. All of these languages have co-official character in certain regions of Spain, although not in France. In the modern era, changes to the political-geographical boundary between the present states of France and Spain occurred in the 16th century, when the Kingdom of Navarre was divided into two unequal parts, and in 1659/1660 when northern Catalonia became part of France after the Treaty of the Pyrenees. However, the border area between France and Spain was not only a stage for conflict, but also a setting for numerous communication and transfer processes.


There are three states today in the area of Europe which is dominated by the PyreneesMountains: the French Republic (République française), the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España) and, in the middle of the (high) mountains, the small Principality of Andorra (Principat d’Andorra).

Source: The Peoples, Languages, and History of the Pyrenees Region

Learning history in a funway; Pichaya Svasti; Bangkok Post

Photo: Bangkok Post

Visiting historical parks and museums may well have been boring in the past. Well, not any more. Visitors cannot only look at ruins of palaces and temples or ancient artefacts, but they can also have fun learning about the history from well-trained guides and multimedia presentations, share opinions, ask questions, and grasp what the old sites were like in ancient times.

Source: Learning history in a funway

Armenia: Christianity’s forgotten cradle; PeopleOfAr

Photo: PeopleOfAr

A wonderful article on Armenia by Ruth Hill of Washington Times, who writes columns about contemporary Christian travel destinations.

Ancient stone walls hang off cliffs overlooking the beautiful Azat River Gorge in Armenia. Grounds of the Geghard Monastery hold monastic cells and several small churches, cut from surrounding rock during the 11thcentury. Visitors can almost hear the chanting monks whose pious steps have worn valleys into the stone steps.

Source: Armenia: Christianity’s forgotten cradle – PeopleOfAr

Sundarbans Mangroves: Freshwater Species of the Week; Brian Clark Howard; National Geographic

Mangroves anchor the edges of the world, but they are slipping away, thanks to coastal development, pollution, over-harvesting, nutrient loading, overuse of freshwater, and climate change. The world’s largest intact halophytic (salt-tolerating) mangrove forest is the Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage…

Source: Sundarbans Mangroves: Freshwater Species of the Week