Hue city was Vietnam’s capital during the Nguyen Dynasty from 1802 to 1945. Its imperial relic site was listed as a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1993.
The name Hue first appeared at the end of the 15th century during the reign of King Le Thanh Tong. In 1636, the Palace of the Nguyen Lord was located in Hue and later moved to Phu Xuan, now Hue’s inner city.
In the early 18th century, Phu Xuan was the political, economic and cultural center of the region then dominated by the Nguyen lords. From 1788 to 1801, the city was the capital of the Tay Son regime.
Historian Le Van Lan said, “The first two Nguyen emperors, Gia Long and Minh Mang, decided to transform Phu Xuan into the capital of Vietnam, thus the Hue Citadel was born. The city has played an extremely important role as the country’s political capital. Having become the imperial residence and the seat of the court, Hue acquired great prestige and great refinement”.
From 1802 to 1945, Hue was the capital of a reunified Vietnam under the rule of 13 Nguyen kings. During this period, many architectural works of great value were built.