13 Incredible Cave Castles, Temples, and Buildings Inside Mountains; Saoirse Kerrigan; Interesting Engineering

India – Ellora Caves

From impressive castles to desert hotels, here are some of the most incredible structures built into mountains and caves.

Some of mankind’s earliest habitats were based inside caves. Technological and architectural progression may have made cave structures less common, but our history is littered with incredible buildings carved into caves, cliffs, and mountains.

Here are some of the most amazing examples of cave structures – from castles and strongholds to temples and cities.

1. Petra, Jordan: A 2,000-Year-Old City Carved Into A Mountain

Located in southern Jordan, the ancient city of Petra is one of the world’s most famous sites featuring buildings carved into a rockface. Settlement in the area dates back as far as 9,000 BC, and the earliest records of the city are dated 312 BC.

The city is carved into the slopes of Jebel al-Madhbah, a mountain whose rose-colored sandstone gives Petra its iconic shade. The city features tombs, temples, a treasury, and an amphitheater. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

2. Predjama Castle, Slovenia: A Beautiful Castle With Hidden Passages

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