As faith, luck, and history would have it, two of the most significant ancient archaeological sites from both Greek and Roman history are situated adjacent to one another in the northwest corner of Siracusa. The Neapolis Archaeological Park of Siracusa contains the stunning Greek Theatre as well as the Roman Amphitheater that combine to make this one of the greatest archaeological sites in all of Italy.
The Roman Amphitheater here is one of the largest amphitheaters ever constructed and dates back to the 3rd century AD. The star attraction of the park, however, is the very well preserved Greek Theatre, which dates back to at least the 5th century BC. The Archaeological Park, along with the entire city of Siracusa, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005, a distinction that is well deserved.
Upon entering the Archaeological Park you will first encounter the Roman Amphitheater. The Romans use of their amphitheaters was much different than that of the Greeks.
Read more from source: A Visit to the Archaeological Park of Siracusa, Sicily