The Kamchatka Peninsula is located in the northeastern part of Russia. It has a total area of 270,000 square km with three wildlife refuges, 5 national parks, 8 federal and 23 local nature reserves, 105 natural monuments, 2 sanatorium-resort zones, and many other protected areas.
Kamchatka’s main attractions are volcanoes. Images of the volcanoes are even depicted on the flag and coat of arms of both Kamchatka Krai and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, the main city of the region. In total there are more than 300 Kamchatka volcanoes, but only 30 of them are active.
Since 1996 Kamachatka volcanoes and adjoining territories are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This area is known for beautiful landscapes and a huge variety of biological species. Uzon volcanic caldera in Kronotsky Nature Reserve offers one of the most amazing sceneries you’ll ever see.
Uzon Volcanic Caldera (a cauldron-like collapse) was formed about 40,000 years ago on the site of the volcano that was destroyed by a series of eruptions. Powerful explosions left a crater with a diameter of about 10 kilometers and total area of 150 square kilometers, framed by steep ledges, sometimes reaching 800 meters high.