A Brief Introduction to China
The People’s Republic of China has a long and varied history with its beginnings in an ancient civilisation dating back to 4,000 BCE, when large settlements could be found along the banks of the Yellow River.
The country is located on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean in eastern Asia, and has an area of 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles). Its vast seas have more than 5,000 islands and the continental coastline extends for about 18,000 kilometres (11,180 miles). With over 220,000 kilometres (136,700 miles) of rivers, China’s incredible landscape includes the world renowned and awe-inspiring Yangtze River (Changjiang) and the indomitable Yellow River (Huanghe).
The majority of scholars agree that the recorded histories of China began during the Xia Dynasty from roughly 2100 BCE, and continued throughout various dynasties until 1911.