The rise of Hindu nationalist political parties and the iconic tomb’s Islamic identity underscore religious friction in the world’s largest democracy.
To people around the world, India’s most recognizable landmark is most likely the Taj Mahal. Located in a garden on the right bank of the Yamuna River, the iconic structure’s home is the Agra District in India’s northern state of Uttar Pradesh.
While its spectacular domes and elegant arches might lead many to assume that it’s a palace, the Taj Mahal is actually a giant mausoleum, built in the mid-1600s by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in remembrance of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Her death in 1631 left the ruler inconsolable, as this 2016 story from The Hindu newspaper details. Shah Jahan ordered construction of a magnificent final resting place for his love.