Lumbini located on the southwestern region of Nepal, along the Terai lowlands is a subtropical area located close to India border. As an important pilgrimage site, the entire area is a Unesco World Heritage site along with other world Buddhist organizations that have created monasteries in honor of the Buddha’s birthplace in Lumbini. Born in the famous gardens of Lumbini around 563 BCE, Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama who later became enlightened around 528 BCE. The holy site is commemorated with a large stone pillar that was erected by the Indian emperor Ashoka in 249 BC along with early temples, viharas (monasteries) and shrines dating from the 3rd BC to 15th century AD. This entire site was eventually certified as a Unesco World Heritage site in 1997.