Today, the Pompeii excavations are an important tourist attraction in Italy.
In 79 A.D., Pliny the Elder was working on his 37-volume Natural History, which covered all areas of ancient knowledge, but unfortunately did not include geology. That is why the frequent earth tremors felt around the region of Campania in Italy “were not particularly alarming”. Even the most learned natural scientist of Rome had not connected seismic activity with volcanic eruptions. Pliny was commanding the imperial fleet of Rome on the Bay of Naples when Vesuvius erupted and himself perished while trying to rescue others in the nearby town of Stabiae.
The cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were closer to Mount Vesuvius, bore the brunt of the volcano’s fury.