Melaka is commonly referred to as the Historic City – its official designation is Bandar Bersejarah, which is simply a Malay translation. The city/state was the location of one of the earliest Malay Sultanates in the region and was established as a major trading port. In the early 1500s, the Portuguese conquered Melaka and held it for over 100 years. Later, the Dutch defeated the Portuguese and took control of the now thriving port. The Dutch then ceded Melaka to the British in the 1824 who colonised it until Malaysia’s eventual independence. For a brief spell between 1942 and 1945, Melaka was taken over by the Japanese who were eventually defeated by the British who again took control.
With such a vibrant and rich history, it’s not surprising that Melaka is basically a living museum of Malaysia’s colonial past.