Sintra is a city situated approximately 20 kilometers (12.4 mi) from Lisbon. The cities are connected by direct train, and it takes about 45 minutes to get to Sintra from Lisbon. The first description of Sintra came from the 11th century when the city was full of Islamic monuments. Most of these buildings were destroyed during the Reconquista (the expulsion of the Moors). Sintra, due to its perfect location, became to be a summer retreat for the royal family. Thanks to the Castle of the Moors and many others breathtaking monuments, Sintra has been described as a fairytale city and is on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The city of Sintra is rightly described as a fairytale because it is such a magical place. The whole city lies on the hill with the Castle of the Moors and Palacio de Pena at the top.