The Curonian Spit is a unique and vulnerable, sandy and wooded cultural landscape on a coastal spit with small Curonian lagoon settlements.
This extended sand dune peninsula is 98 km long and 0.4-4 km wide. Its human habitation dates back to prehistoric times. During this period, natural forces of wind and wave have threatened the spit. Only continuous human efforts to fight the erosion of the Spit have made possible its survival today.
The Curonian Spit is a transboundary property, belonging both to the Klaipeda Region (Lithuania) and the Kaliningrad District (Russian Federation). The status of their respective National Parks guarantees the protection of the cultural landscape. They share the common goal of preserving the natural and cultural attributes of the property.