In the history of land, different dimensions overlap which are, strictly speaking, not interdependent. Land was simultaneously sovereign territory, the basis of agricultural production, a repository of mineral resources, a space to be accessed or travelled across, the object of expert knowledge and science, and the property of a state or private persons. The different rationales connected with these various perspectives resulted in numerous conflicts which became ever more difficult to resolve due to the increasing pace of change in most of these areas from the 19th century onward. If one views modern history “from below” in this way, it becomes a history of the mobilization of land.
At first glance, an article on land seems somewhat out of place in a historical project which attempts to viewas the product of intercultural transfer processes. Land is not typically subject to transfer, but is immobile to a high degree.